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Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If Clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled. There are three types of Conditional Sentences.

Conditional Sentence Type 1

→ It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.

Form: if + Simple Present, will-Future

Examples: 1) If I find her address, I’ll send her an invitation. 2) If I find her address, I will send her an invitation. 3) I will send her an invitation if I find her address. 4) If I don’t see him this afternoon, I will phone him in the evening.

Exercises. Complete the Conditional Sentences Type I.

Some friends are planning a party. Everybody wants to party, but nobody's really keen on preparing and organising the party. So everybody comes up with a few conditions, just to make sure that the others will also do something.

  1. If Caroline and Sue the salad, Phil the house.
  2. If Sue the onions for the salad, Caroline the mushrooms.
  3. Jane the sitting room if Aaron and Tim the furniture.
  4. If Bob up the kitchen, Anita the toilet.
  5. Elaine the drinks if somebody her carry the bottles.
  6. If Alan and Rebecca the food, Mary and Conor the sandwiches.
  7. If Bob after the barbecue, Sue the guests in.
  8. Frank the DJ if the others along their CDs.
  9. Alan the drinks if Jane him some of her cocktail recipes.
  10. If they all their best, the party great.

Complete the Conditional Sentences (Type I) by putting the verbs into the correct form.

  1. If you (send) this letter now, she (receive) it tomorrow.
  2. If I (do) this test, I (improve) my English.
  3. If I (find) your ring, I (give) it back to you.
  4. Peggy (go) shopping if she (have) time in the afternoon.
  5. Simon (go) to London next week if he (get) a cheap flight.
  6. If her boyfriend (phone / not) today, she (leave) him.
  7. If they (study / not) harder, they (pass / not) the exam.
  8. If it (rain) tomorrow, I (have to / not) water the plants.
  9. You (be able/ not) to sleep if you (watch) this scary film.
  10. 10.Susan (can / move / not) into the new house if it (be / not) ready on time.

 

Conditional Sentence Type 2

→ It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.

Form: if + Simple Past, Conditional I (= would + Infinitive)

Example: 1) If I found her address, I would send her an invitation. 2)  I would send her an invitation if I found her address. 3) If I had a lot of money, I wouldn’t stay here.

Were instead of Was

In IF Clauses Type II, we usually use ‚were‘ – even if the pronoun is I, he, she or it –.

Example: If I were you, I would not do this.

Exercises. Начало формы Janine is a daydreamer. She imagines what would happen if she won the lottery.

Complete the Conditional Sentences Type II.

  1. If I the lottery, I a chance to hit the jackpot.
  2. If I the jackpot, I rich.
  3. If I rich, my life completely.
  4. I a lonely island, if I a nice one.
  5. If I a lonely island, I a huge house by the beach.
  6. I all my friends if I a house by the beach.
  7. I my friends up in my yacht if they to spend their holidays on my island.
  8. We great parties if my friends to my island.
  9. If we to go shopping in a big city, we a helicopter.
  10. But if my friends' holidays over, I very lonely on my lonely island.

Complete the Conditional Sentences (Type II) by putting the verbs into the correct form.

  1. If we (have) a yacht, we (sail) the seven seas.
  2. If he (have) more time, he (learn) karate.
  3. If they (tell) their father, he (be) very angry.
  4. She (spend) a year in the USA if it (be) easier to get a green card.
  5. If I (live) on a lonely island, I (run) around naked all day.
  6. We (help) you if we (know) how.
  7. My brother (buy) a sports car if he (have) the money.
  8. If I (feel) better, I (go) to the cinema with you.
  9. If you (go) by bike more often, you (be / not) so flabby.
  10. She (not / talk) to you if she (be) mad at you.

 

Conditional Sentence Type 3

→ It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past.

Form: if + Past Perfect, Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle)

Example: If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation. If I hadn’t studied, I wouldn’t have passed my exams.

ESXERCISE: What a match – your favourite team has lost again! So after the game, the supporters discuss what could have been different.

Complete the Conditional Sentences Type III.

  1. If the midfielders the ball more exactly, our team more chances to attack.
  2. If the forwards faster, they more goals.
  3. Their motivation if they a goal during the first half.
  4. The fullbacks one or the other goal if they their opponents.
  5. If the goalie up, he the ball.
  6. If the referee the foul, he a penalty kick to our team.
  7. Our team in better form if they harder the weeks before.
  8. The game better if the trainer a substitute in during the second half.
  9. If it a home game, our team the match.
  10. If our team the match, they up in the league.

Complete the Conditional Sentences (Type III) by putting the verbs into the correct form. Use conditional II with would in the main clause.

  1. If you (study) for the test, you (pass) it.
  2. If you (ask) me, I (help) you.
  3. If we (go) to the cinema, we (see) my friend Jacob.
  4. If you (speak) English, she (understand) .
  5. If they (listen) to me, we (be) home earlier.
  6. I (write) you a postcard if I (have) your address.
  7. If I (not / break) my leg, I (take part) in the contest.
  8. If it (not/ start) to rain, we (walk) to the museum.
  9. We (swim) in the sea if there (not / be) so many sharks there.
  10. If she (take) the bus, she (not / arrive) on time.

 

 

 

Complete the Conditional Sentences. Decide whether to use Type I or II.

  1. If you do your homework now, we to the cinema in the evening.
  2. If we the book now, we will have it tomorrow.
  3. If I had more money, I a bigger car.
  4. If I my favourite movie star, I would ask him for an autograph.
  5. I you if I need your help.
  6. I would go swimming if the weather better.
  7. If he time tomorrow, we will meet the day after.
  8. If I were you, I what to do.
  9. If we don't order the tickets soon, there any tickets left.
  10. She that if she were your friend.

Complete the Conditional Sentences with the correct form (Type I, II or III).

  • If I stronger, I'd help you carry the piano.
  • If we'd seen you, we .
  • If we him tomorrow, we'll say hello.
  • He would have repaired the car himself if he the tools.
  • If you drop the vase, it .
  • If I hadn't studied, I the exam.
  • I wouldn't go to school by bus if I a driving licence.
  • If she him every day, she'd be lovesick.
  • I to London if I don't get a cheap flight.
  • We'd be stupid if we him about our secret.

Complete the Conditional Sentences (Type I, II or III) by putting the verbs into the correct form.

  1. If they (have) time at the weekend, they will come to see us.
  2. If we sneak out quietly, nobody (notice) .
  3. If we (know) about your problem, we would have helped you.
  4. If I (be) you, I would not buy that dress.
  5. We (arrive) earlier if we had not missed the bus.
  6. If I didn't have a mobile phone, my life (not / be) complete.
  7. Okay, I (get) the popcorn if you buy the drinks.
  8. If I (tell) you a secret, you would be sure to leak it.
  9. She (go) out with you if you had only asked her.
  10. I would not have read your diary if you (not hide) it in such an obvious place.
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