Education is very important for every person. It gives information and opportunities for further life. Every country has its own, unique system of education. We can note examples of many different systems, but I think the most developed and popular are: education system in the USA, the education system in Great Britain, as the oldest. But as many persons as many opinions, and the best way to prove something is to compare it, I consider.
Education in Great Britain. There are three main systems in Britain: the Comprehensive system, the selective and the private system. The Comprehensive system was introduced in Britain in 1960s. More than 90% of children who go to state schools go to schools of comprehensive system. Children go to a primary school at the age of 5. Then they go to the upper school - usually called comprehensive - at the age of 11. Alternatively they may go to the middle school for 3 or 4 years before going to the upper school. The selective system, which still exists in some areas of Britain, is old. It was introduced in 1944. Children are selected according to their abilities. In Britain children then take an examination called 11-plus and who are successful go to the grammar school and those who fail enter the secondary modern school. And the last subsystem that is developed in Great Britain is the private education. In Britain about 7% of children go to private schools. There are three levels of private education: primary schools - age from 4 to 8, preparatory school - age from 8 to 13. At the age of 13 children take an examination. If they are successful they go on to public schools where they usually remain until the age of 18. Almost all students in Britain take examinations. The public examinations taken by British schoolchildren are called GCSEs (The General Certificate of Secondary Education). Pupils usually take their GCSEs at the age of 16. Pupils who have passed their GCSEs may remain at school for another two years and take their advanced level exams. It's interesting to mote that any student who wants to go to the university needs to pass two or three "A" level exams.
Education in the United States. Most schools in the United States start at the kindergarten level. In addition to bilingual and bicultural programs many schools have special programs for those with learning and reading difficulties. All the education system of USA have always stressed the importance of "character" or "social skills" through extracurricular activities, including organized sports. There is usually a very broad range of such activities available. They not only give pupils a chance to be together outside normal classes, but they also help to develop a feeling of "school spirit". And to my mind it is the one of the most striking differences between the American education system and Russian education system. And I'm sure that it is our great loss. In my opinion the weakness of the US education system is that students at early age have to choose subjects and they don't receive the beginning knowledge of all branches of sciences. The education in the USA is most provided with new technologies. In every school there are new models of computers and almost every school has a direct connect to the Internet. Internet gives an opportunity for remote education with the help of e-mail, special forums and teleconferences.
EDUCATION IN UKRAINE
1. The system of secondary education in Ukraine includes primary forms and junior and senior forms. 2. Children usually go to school at the age of 6 or 7. 3. There are some preschool institutions, like nursery schools or kindergartens, but they are not obligatory. 4. Primary forms comprise 1 to 4 forms. 5. Junior secondary forms comprise 5 to 9 forms. 6. After the 9th form children can enter technical schools of different types. 7. Those who want to enter higher educational institutions should complete 10—11 forms. 8. Students can also enter higher educational institutions after graduating from specialized colleges or lyceums. 9. They prepare students in different fields, whether the humanities or the sciences. 10. Some of them are organized under the authorities of higher educational establishments. 11. The system of higher education is presented by universities, polytechnic institutes or specialized institutes. 12. Universities offer a five year course of study and usually have from six to twelve faculties. 13. Institutes train specialists for industry, agriculture and economy. 14. Most of them have been conferred the status of Academy or University recently. 15. Students are also offered post graduate education and scientific research work. 16. Nowadays due to the state of our national economy not many young people are engaged in the research work. 17. But still in some fields of science there are outstanding discoveries and research papers. 18. Some universities and institutes have refresher courses. 19. Recently a great number of private educational establishments have appeared. 20. Many institutions have fee paying groups or departments. 21. The students may get education there at the same high level as in the state institutions.
EDUCATION IN GREAT BRITAIN
- In Great Britain children begin to go to school at the age of five.
- First they study at infant schools.
- In these schools they learn to draw with coloured pencils and paints.
- They also make figures out of plasticine and work with paper and glue.
- They play much because they are very young.
- Later they begin to learn letters and read, write and count.
- At the age of seven English schoolchildren go to junior schools.
- They do many subjects: English and Maths, History and Music, Natural History and Drawing, Handicrafts, French and Latin.
- They do not go to school as early as we do, but they stay there longer.
- The first lesson usually starts at 9 o’clock.
- There are 3 lessons with short breaks of 10 minutes between them and then an hour break for lunch.
- After lunch they have two more lessons which are over by half past three.
- If you have a look at an English pupil’s school record, you will see that the marks in it differ from the marks we have.
- Our schoolchildren get marks from 1 to 12.
- At English school there are marks from 1 up to 10 and at some schools from 1 up to 100.
- Junior school ends at the age of 11 when pupils take the Eleven Plus examination and then secondary school begins.
- At the age of 16 schoolchildren take their exams.
- Only 45 per cent continue with full time education after 16.
- The rest go to work or join employment training schemes.